Types of Tourism

Egypt tourism is an exiting experment, becuase it has third world monuments it consider an important destination for tourists.

Also to explore its beauty, its historical heritage, its varied temperate climate, and its diverse tourism activities.

Egypt has all the elements of an ideal tourist destination. Its varied temperate climate makes it suitable for holidays most of the year. It also boasts a wealth of historical monuments, scenic landscapes, modern entertainment and a variety of hotels, making it suitable for both individual and family trips. There are many Egyptian tourism cities such as Cairo, Alexandria, and Aswan.

Tourism varies in Egypt, such as:

Recreational Tourism:

Due to the number of beaches with more than 3000 KM length along the White and Red Sea coasts, many of Egypt visitors come to leisure tourism.

Most famous recreational tourism cities are: Sharm El Sheikh, Dahab, Nuweiba and Taba located in the province of South Sinai, in addition to Hurghada, Safaga, Marsa Alam in the Red Sea Governorate and Ain Sukhna in Suez Governorate.

These areas are famous for their beautiful coral reefs and colorful and rare fish species. Tourists enjoy many activities such as diving, Watch colorful fish and coral reefs.

Cultural Tourism:

Cultural tourism attracts tourists to Egypt since ancient times for the diversity of monuments such as Pharaonic, Greek, Roman and Islamic. The monuments variety made some entire cities to be open museums and contributed to the emergence of Egyptian museums of international standing also attracted archaeological missions and travelers to come continuously to Egypt, and inspired authors and writers to publish hundreds of books in different languages.

Cultural Tourism Places:

The most important tourist and cultural attractions sites in Egypt: Pyramids of Giza, Sphinx, Saqqara area, and Dahshur area in Giza, the Roman theater, Roman baths, black heads of worship, the Caesars, the column of the saints and Qaitbay Citadel in Alexandria.

The city of Luxor is consider an open museum because it has one-third of the world's monuments, the most famous monuments are the Temple of Karnak, the Temple of Luxor, the Valley of the Kings, the Valley of the Queens and the Monastery of the City. Beside Aswan considered an attraction site for tourists due to the warmth of its atmosphere in the winter, it includes several historical places such as the temples of Abu Simbel and the island of Phila and the island of plants.

Historical Villages:

Egypt villages has a number of historical landmarks such as the Dandara temple in Qena, the Medion area in Beni Suef, El Amarna in Menia, Harmi El Lahoun, Hawara and Qaroun Palace in Fayoum. As for the sea face, it includes the Wadjit Temple and the Al-Farayeen Hill in the town of Dasouq, the city of Fauh, the area of ​​the ancient stone site of Pessyoun and the monasteries of Wadi Al-Natroun. Sinai has areas such as Mount Musa and the Monastery of St. Catherine. In the Western Sahara, there are different areas such as the temples of Heibs, Qweita and Al Rayyan in Al-Kharjeh, the Mawt and Almatouq cemeteries, Balat village and the Palace village in Dakhla, as well as the city of Paris and the Farafra Palace and the marine oases.


The museums almost located in every governorate in Egypt, they vary from national, artistic and regional museums. Usually Each museum specialized in displaying antiquities belong to specific era, such as the Egyptian Museum, the Museum of Islamic Art, the Museum of Modern Egyptian Art, the Jewel Palace, the Manial Palace, the Greco-Roman Museum and Nubia Museum, the Museum of Fine Arts, the Coptic Museum, the Agricultural Museum, the War Museum, the Military Museum and the flooded museum.

There are large museums under construction such as the Great Egyptian Museum in the Al-Ahram Desert and the Museum of Civilization in Fustat, both will be a great addition to of Egypt's cultural history, and archaeological heritage, because they will include of a number monuments, and of museum presentation methods, and the coefficient of modern restoration.



Egypt has several rare ecological sites that attract tourists to enjoy the natural and wildlife landscape. The nature reserve in Egypt is under the supervision of the Ministry of the Environment. Tourism in these areas be within tours groups with a guide, using recreational transport, boat rides or walking by region.

The most famous of these reserves are Ras Mohammed, Nabq Reserves in Sharm El Sheikh, St. Catherine's, The Taba Nature Reserve, which is home to the Wadi Al-Hitan, one of the World Heritage Sites in Egypt. It includes the first museum of its kind in the Middle East for excavations, climate change, and visitors' restrooms. Aquatic museums are also landmarks of coastal cities such as the Alexandria Aquatic Museum.

Therapeutic Tourism:

There are many mineral and sulfur water springs in Egypt, which vary in depth and capacity, contain mineral salts and minerals help in treatment such as sodium carbonate, magnesium and iron. As well as sand and mud used for treatment of several diseases, such as rheumatic, skin diseases, diseases of the bone, digestive system, and the respiratory system. The spread of herbs and medicinal plants on the land, used to extract drugs, vegetable oils, and aromatic. There are many areas for medical tourism in Egypt, such as Helwan, Ain Sira, Ain Sokhna, Hurghada, and Fayoum, Oases of the Western Desert, Wadi Natroun, Aswan, Safaga and Sinai.


Sport tourism:

Egypt has a strong infrastructure for several sports such as football, handball, volleyball, squash, equestrian, golf, marine sports and fishing, bowling. Which enabled it to host several international and continental tournaments, attracted many visitors from different countries to attend its effectiveness and enjoy watching their athletes and sports teams. We should not forget the many different sports that tourists can enjoy such as diving, SUV, windsurfing, rock climbing, yoga, and other sports and water games.


Festivals Tourism:

Egypt holds many festivals attract people from home and abroad. Festivals tourism has many goals such as tourism advertising, encourage shopping, and other goals

Most popular festivals in Egypt are shopping and tourism Festival, World Tourism Day Festival, Tutankhamun tomb discovery annual celebration Festival at Al-

Oqsour, Cairo Folklore International Festival, Cairo International Film Festival, Alexandria International Film Festival, Documentary Films International Festival, Ismailia Festival of Folk Art, Cairo International Festival of Experimental Theater, Cairo Arab Media Festival, Rjan Festival fulfillment of the Nile, the International Festival of fishing in Port Said, the International Equestrian Festival.


Conference Tourism:

Egypt geographical location and fully equipped halls with the latest technology is a reason for tourism conferences where Egypt was able to host dozens of international conferences annually in the political, economic, cultural, medical and professional. Main conferences cities Cairo, Alexandria, Sharm El-Sheikh, Hurghada and Ismailia. These cities have international conference centers with technical and technological capabilities and modern equipment of audio and interpretation equipment in various languages, making them a desirable destination by the organizers of international conferences.


Religious tourism:

There are many holy religious places in Egypt, Jewish, Christian, Islamic, and other religions. These sites visited by hundreds of tourist in what known as religious tourism. Historical Islamic monuments such as the Mosque of Hussein, Ibn Tulun Mosque, Al-Azhar Mosque, Buildings and castles that record the Islamic history of Egypt, including the citadel of Salah al-Din in Cairo, Qaitbay Citadel in Alexandria and Qalqat Nakhl in Sinai. Ancient Christian sites show the Holy Family path journey to Egypt, such as St. Sergius Church, which used by the Holy Family, the Hanging Church, the Monastery of St. Catherine, the Monastery of St. Anthony, the founder of Monasticism, the Monastery of St. Paula in the Red Sea, the Monastery of Dronka in Assiut and many other monasteries and churches. It also has several sites of Jewish religious significance, such as Mount Moses in Sinai, the synagogue of Ben Ezra, the synagogue of Shaimi Shamaim in Cairo, the Eliyahu Hanobi Synagogue, and the Eliyahu Eliyahu Synagogue in Alexandria.


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